Python warnings systemΒΆ

Astropy uses the Python warnings module to issue warning messages. The details of using the warnings module are general to Python, and apply to any Python software that uses this system. The user can suppress the warnings using the python command line argument -W"ignore" when starting an interactive python session. For example:

$ python -W"ignore"

The user may also use the command line argument when running a python script as follows:

$ python -W"ignore"

It is also possible to suppress warnings from within a python script. For instance, the warnings issued from a single call to the writeto convenience function may be suppressed from within a python script as follows:

>>> import warnings
>>> from import fits
>>> warnings.filterwarnings('ignore', category=UserWarning, append=True)
>>> fits.writeto(file, im, clobber=True)

However, warning filters may also be modified just within a certain context using warnings.catch_warnings.

Astropy also issues warnings when deprecated API features are used. In Python 2.7 and up deprecation warnings are ignored by default. To run Python with deprecation warnings enabled, either start Python with the -Wall argument, or you can enable deprecation warnings specifically with -Wd.

In Python versions below 2.7, if you wish to squelch deprecation warnings, you can start Python with -Wi::Deprecation. This sets all deprecation warnings to ignored. See for more information on the -W argument.

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